any of various sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that deal with the earth, its composition, or any of its changing aspects. Answer: Many artificial satellites circle Earth, but only one is natural: the Moon. Start studying earth science. A large, steep volcano built up of alternating layers of lava and ash or cinders. A long, thin line or mark of a different substance or color from its surroundings. Earth sciences, the fields of study concerned with the solid Earth, its waters, and the air that envelops it. Vocabulary study through games and activities is a great way to bolster understanding of science for 4th graders. Organic matter used as a fuel, especially in a power station for the generation of electricity. The prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution. A detailed description or representation on a map of the natural and artificial features of an area. All existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosmos. i.e. Science biology plant animal cells test students on quizlet free interactive flashcards on quizlet. Tomorrow's answer's today! 3D Georgraphy. Terms in this set (11) geology. mid-ocean ridges, rift valleys). Earth science vocabulary chapter 24 1 flashcards quizlet tides e science vocabulary diagram quizlet earth science vocab flashcards quizlet earth science vocab flashcards quizlet earth science chapter 12 lesson 3 vocabulary flashcards quizlet. blizzard A blinding snowstorm with winds of at least 56 kilometers per hour (35 mi/h), usually with temperatures below -7°C (20°F). It separates the boundary between two tectonic plates. Earth Science Terms. Also called magnetic core. Following are definitions of common terms referring to the Theory of Evolution that everyone should know and understand, though this is by no means a comprehensive list. A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and many associated phenomena as resulting from the interaction of rigid lithospheric plates that move slowly over the underlying mantle. Aa flows commonly develop from pahoehoe flows as they cool and lose gas. Is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks the Sun. Is a phenomenon of the plate tectonics of Earth that occurs at convergent boundaries. A Aa: Hawaiian term used to describe a lava flow whose surface is broken into rough angular fragments. A breeze blowing toward the sea from the land, especially at night, owing to the relative warmth of the sea. To decrease periodically in the extent of its illuminated portion after the full moon. Any of various groups of stars to which definite names have been given, as Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Boötes, Cancer, Orion. A current in a fluid that results from convection. The relatively thin part of the earth's crust that underlies the ocean basins. A line on a map connecting points having the same atmospheric pressure at a given time or on average over a given period. It includes the study of solar system astronomy, geology, oceanography and meteorology. A scale of hardness used in classifying minerals. Using relative dating principles and the position of layers within rock, it is possible to reconstruct the sequence of geologic events that have occurred at a site. the portion of the earth, about 1800 miles (2900 km) thick, between the crust and the core. A triple-star system that is the brightest celestial object in the constellation Centaurus. The amount of space something occupies, usually measured in cubic units. Covalent sharing to know whether completely free dating site with no hidden charges else, and mars, terms, in earth, feeling sad that sedimentary rock layers up like dating and geologic record. Each new term is carefully defined and will soon become part of your Earth Science vocabulary. The vertical distance or difference in elevation between contour lines. Earth Science is the study of Earth and its neighbors in space. The links lead to more information on the topic: Repetitive layering in metamorphic rocks. Home ABOUT EES General Science Astronomy Lithosphere Hydrosphere Atmosphere Biosphere Online Resources Quizlet Vocabulary Contact Mr. Smith Mission Statement EES Blog QUIZLET VOCABULARY. A front between warm and cold air masses that is moving very slowly or not at all. The universe is believed to be at least 10 billion light years in diameter and contains a vast number of galaxies; it has been expanding since its creation in the Big Bang about 13 billion years ago. any of various sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that deal with the earth, its composition, or any of its changing aspects. A mass of stone or metal that has reached the earth from outer space; a fallen meteoroid. molten material beneath or within the earth's crust, from which igneous rock is formed. PLAY. It is a conic section formed by the intersection of a right circular cone by a plane that cuts the axis and the surface of the cone. Choose from 7 study modes and games to study Earth Science. The orbiting of one heavenly body around another. Existing in finite quantity; not capable of being replenished. Earth's Layers Resources; 7 - Astronomy I. Astronomy Resources; 8 - Astronomy II. - crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pla…. It is the smallest of Virginia's geographic regions. Fill in the blanks with the word(s) that best fit the description: 1. It differs from normal oxygen (O2) in having three atoms in its molecule (O3). Earth's Layers Resources; 7 - Astronomy I. Astronomy Resources; 8 - Astronomy II. Answer: Earth’s atmosphere is made up of five layers. The force exerted by air, whether compressed or unconfined, on any surface in contact with it. The gradual movement of the continents across the earth's surface through geological time. It was first described (1842) by the Austrian physicist Christian Doppler. Index contours are bold or thicker lines that appear at every fifth contour line. Flashcards. The idea that a catastrophic collision about 4.5 billion years ago between Earth and a protoplanet about half Earth's size created a disk of molten rock, gas and debris that consolidated to form the moon — was first set forth in the mid-1970s. Atmosphere Vocab An effect whereby a mass moving in a rotating system experiences a force (the Coriolis force ) acting perpendicular to the direction of motion and to the axis of rotation. An instrument used to measure weight very precisely. Knowing which way a river flows is often the key to being able to label contours correctly. An increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, or other waves as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other. When magma is expelled to the Earth's surface it is called lava. A body of air with horizontally uniform temperature, humidity, and pressure. The relatively thick part of the earth's crust that forms the large landmasses. Experiments with Earth Science. A major division of time that is a subdivision of an eon and is itself subdivided into periods. the science that deals with the dynamics and physical history of the earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the physical, chemical, and biological changes that the earth has undergone or is undergoing. The nature of something's ingredients or constituents; the way in which a whole or mixture is made up. the lateral movement of continents resulting from the motion of crustal plates. Angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian. Simply put, his hypothesis proposed that the continents had once been joined, and over time had drifted apart. - 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises... -…. NASA Kids' Club. Of, relating to, or derived from living matter. A biofuel intended as a substitute for diesel. A radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons. Their motion is studied in the field of plate tectonics. Start studying earth science. Use Quizlet as a new and engaging tool to learn the vocabulary for upcoming, current, and past units. 1 - Prologue; 2 - Measuring the Earth. Quizlet Information: Use Quizlet as a new and engaging tool to learn the vocabulary for upcoming, current, and past units. Was a robotic spacecraft operated by NASA. the process by which collision of the earth's crustal plates results in one plate's being drawn down or overridden by another, localized along the juncture (subduction zone) of two plates. A measure of how much matter is in an object. Is a record written by a seismograph in response to ground motions produced by an earthquake, explosion, or other ground-motion sources. The transfer of heat by the movement of heated parts of a liquid(s) or gas(es). Type of rock that contains sufficient minerals with important elements including metals that can be economically extracted from the rock. The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period. Any of the thousands of small bodies of from 480 miles (775 km) to less than one mile (1.6 km) in diameter that revolve about the sun in orbits lying mostly between those of Mars and Jupiter. The Tidewater, is a natural region in eastern Virginia, U.S., comprising a low-lying alluvial plain on the western shore of Chesapeake Bay between the Atlantic Ocean and the Fall Line (a line marking the junction between the hard rocks of the Appalachians and the softer deposits of the coastal plain). A circular or almost circular area having a depressed floor, almost always containing a central mountain and usually completely enclosed by walls that are often higher than those of a walled plain; ring formation; ring. Mr. Smith's Earth & Environmental Science Class. The image above is the first full-hemisphere view of Earth captured in the 21st Century. The galaxy that contains our Solar System. Learn. This principle is fundamental to geologic thinking and underlies the whole development of the science of geology. A line on a map joining points of equal height above or below sea level. Igneous rock - A rock formed through the cooling of magma or lava. What kind of boundary causes this? Is a variation on the fundamental process of subduction, whereby the subduction zone is destroyed, mountains produced, and two continents sutured together. A first-magnitude red supergiant in the constellation Orion. Geology . The polestar or North Star, a star of the second magnitude situated close to the north pole of the heavens, in the constellation Ursa Minor: the outermost star in the handle of the Little Dipper. The large crystal size tells us that it is an intrusive rock that was created beneath the earth. A spherical celestial body revolving about the sun, similar to a planet but not large enough to gravitationally clear its orbital region of most or all other celestial bodies. 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